Contact: unicorn@againstcorruption.org

Tel: +44(0)29 2087 6289
Fax: +44(0)29 2087 4175
 

Home | Reports | Briefings | Cases | Corruption Resources | Corruption Archive | Multinationals | International Financiers | Countries | Sectors | OECD Anti-Bribery Convention | Corruption Cases | Whistle blowing Cases | Work With Us | Mailing List | Links | About Us


Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention : Policy Briefing


The Council of Europe's Criminal Law Convention applies to members of the Council of Europe as well as other non-signatories.

It obliges Parties to criminalise a wide range of acts of corruption, which it defines as the "requesting, offering, giving or accepting, directly or indirectly, a bribe or any other undue advantage or prospect thereof, which distorts the proper performance of any duty or behaviour required of the recipient of the bribe, the undue advantage or prospect thereof."

A pioneering aspect of the Convention is that it extends criminal responsibility for bribery to the private sector. This reflects recognition of the need to limit the differences in rules applicable to the private and public, which is especially important given the transfer of public functions to the private sector.

Overall, the Convention is broader in focus than both the OECD Anti-bribery Convention and the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption.

It does not limit the context for bribing foreign public officials to international business transactions or -as already mentioned - to the public sector. It is also the only international Conventions to oblige signatories (Article 22) to provide protections in their domestic laws for whistleblowers.

Monitoring of the implementation of the Convention is undertaken by GRECO: the Group of States Against Corruption. The aim of GRECO is to improve the capacity of its members to fight corruption by following up compliance with their undertakings in this field.


The following lists all references contained in our database that are relevant to this briefing
Council of Europe Web Site [7/1/2002] 'Criminal Law Convention on Corruption ETS no. : 173' : http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/EN/WhatYouWant.asp?NT=173 [Source ID = 7241]

 [11/6/2000] 'U.S. Signs Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption: Encourages Kazakhstan Do So As Well' by Council of Europe Press Release: http://www.usembassy-kazakhstan.freenet.kz/press-releases/01e.html [Source ID = 7242]

Council of Europe Press Release [3/8/2002] 'Lithuania ratifies the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://www.coe.int/T/E/Communication_and_Research/Press/Conventions_-_Latest_signatures_and_ratifications/20020308_Lithuania.asp#TopOfPage [Source ID = 7243]

Council of Europe Press Release [5/15/2002] 'Mexico signs the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' by Council of Europe: http://www.coe.int/T/E/Communication_and_Research/Press/Conventions_-_Latest_signatures_and_ratifications/20020515_Mexico.asp#TopOfPage [Source ID = 7244]

Council of Europe [7/11/2002] 'Romania ratifies the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://www.coe.int/T/E/Communication_and_Research/Press/Conventions_-_Latest_signatures_and_ratifications/20020711_Romania.asp#TopOfPage [Source ID = 7246]

Council of Europe Press Release [5/7/2002] 'Portugal ratifies two Council of Europe Conventions' : http://www.coe.int/T/E/Communication_and_Research/Press/Conventions_-_Latest_signatures_and_ratifications/20020507_PortugalA.asp#TopOfPage [Source ID = 7247]

Council of Europe [4/11/2002] 'The Netherlands ratifie the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://www.coe.int/T/E/Communication_and_Research/Press/Conventions_-_Latest_signatures_and_ratifications/20020411_Netherlands.asp#TopOfPage [Source ID = 7248]

Council of Europe Press Release [12/6/2001] 'Estonia ratifies the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/927af(2001).htm [Source ID = 7250]

Council of Europe Press Release [11/7/2001] 'Bulgaria ratifies the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/802af(2001).htm [Source ID = 7251]

Council of Europe Press Release [10/11/2001] 'Groupe d'Etats contre la corruption : publication de rapports sur le Royaume-Uni, la France, l'Islande et l'Estonie' : http://press.coe.int/press2/press.asp?B=29,0,0,0,0&M=http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/725f(2001).htm [Source ID = 7252]

Council of Europe Press Release [9/27/2001] 'Turkey signs a series of Council of Europe Conventions' : http://press.coe.int/press2/press.asp?B=30,0,0,0,0&M=http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/677a(2001).htm [Source ID = 7255]

Council of Europe Press Release [] 'Albania ratifies the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption Albania ratifies the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://press.coe.int/press2/press.asp?B=30,0,0,0,0&M=http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/539a(2001).htm [Source ID = 7256]

Council of Europe Press Release [6/20/2001] 'Evaluation reports of the "Group of States against Corruption - GRECO" made public' : http://press.coe.int/press2/press.asp?B=30,0,0,0,0&M=http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/441a(2001).htm [Source ID = 7257]

Council of Europe Press Release [] 'La Suisse signe la Convention p�nale sur la corruption' : http://press.coe.int/press2/press.asp?B=29,0,0,0,0&M=http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/126f(2001).htm [Source ID = 7259]

Council of Europe Press Release [2/9/2001] 'Latvia ratifies the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://press.coe.int/press2/press.asp?B=30,0,0,0,0&M=http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/87a(2001).htm [Source ID = 7261]

Council of Europe Press Release [1/17/2001] 'Cyprus ratifies two Council of Europe Conventions' : http://press.coe.int/press2/press.asp?B=30,0,0,0,0&M=http://press.coe.int/cp/2001/30a(2001).htm [Source ID = 7263]

Council of Europe [1/27/1999] 'CRIMINAL LAW CONVENTION ON CORRUPTION' : http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/Treaties/Word/173.doc [Source ID = 7267]

 [] 'Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (Convention p�nale sur la corruption) ETS n� : 173: Status' : http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/EN/searchsig.asp?NT=173&CM=&DF= [Source ID = 7268]

Council of Europe Web Site [] 'List of declarations made with respect to treaty no. 173 Criminal Law Convention on Corruption' : http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/EN/DeclareList.asp?NT=173&CM=&DF= [Source ID = 7269]

Council of Europe [7/1/2002] 'Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS no. 173) Summary' : http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/Summaries/Html/173.htm [Source ID = 7270]

Council of Europe [1/27/1999] 'Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 173) Full Text Strasbourg, 27.I.1999 (web version)' : http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/Treaties/Html/173.htm [Source ID = 7271]

International Enforcement Law Reporter [] 'European Commission Issues Communication on Comprehensive EU Policy Against Corruption' by Bruce Zagaris: http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/Treaties/Html/173.htm [Source ID = 9097]


Back

UNICORN is a Global Unions Anti-corruption Network. It is supported by the international trade union bodies: the TUAC (Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD); Public Services International (PSI); and the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU).

UNICORN is financed by the Foundation Open Society Institute